19th century Mamluk Revival Cairoware inlaid tray. This tray has an elaborate foliate star medallion in the center. Encircling the central medallion are three Islamic Calligraphy cartouches alternating with trefoil medallions. There are also three concentric chain panel details encircling the tray. The tray measures 27" across, with rolled edges, and weighs 9 pounds. It has a light patina, and the piece is overall in good condition, considering it's age. Whether set on a stand, ottoman, or large basket, this makes a spectacular table.
The Mamluk dynasty existed from approximately 1250 to 1500 A.D.in what is modern Syria and Egypt. The Mamluks were slave soldiers who earned their freedom and became rulers of a dynasty which lasted 250 years. Their rulers were known for patronage of the arts, thus this was the most prolific and influential period for Islamic art. Mamluk metal ware is recognizable by the repeated cartouches and medallions and the chain patterns encircling the pieces. Copper and silver inlay into brass pieces is also commonly found. This particular vase was made in the 19th or early 20th century for trade to wealthy travelers who went "on tour" for extended periods of time, and liked to bring back "historical artifacts" Because of the demand and other influences, there was a revival of many types of Mameluke artifacts during this period of time.